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    Buryat calendar

    Buryat calendar
    Buryats’ and Mongols’ calendar system comprises the annual calendar, the calendar consisting of 12 year-old animal cycles (the Small Time Wheel) which is a part of the 60 year-old cycle (the Big Time Wheel).

    Obo

    Obo
    People used to tie numerous ribbons to the trees which grow near passes, wells and along the roads. They usually throw a coin, matches or a sweet there and don’t forget to drink a glass of vodka splashing some drops of it in contrary directions. Such places Buryats call “obo”.

    Famous people’s and travelers’ opinions about the city

    Famous people’s and travelers’ opinions about the city
    “Verhneudinsk is correctly built, the streets are picturesque and broad… “ – wrote Aleksey Martos, who visited this town twice in 1823.

    Yourta

    Yourta
    Initially traditional Buryats' dwelling was a round felt yourta, which was perfectly accommodated to living in a severe Asian steppes' climate. In native people's mind yourta is not simply a dwelling, but a part of the universe. A lot of traditions, rules and customs are connected with it. For instance, the entrance of the yourta always faces the South.

    XII Pandito Khambo Lama Dashi-Dorzho Itigilov

    XII Pandito Khambo Lama Dashi-Dorzho Itigilov
    Itigilov was born in 1852 and began his religious education at the age of 16. He studied at the Anninsky Datsan (a Buddhist university in Buryatia, of which only ruins remain), earning diplomas in medicine and philosophy. At that time he wrote an encyclopedia of pharmacology.

    Attas of Tibetan medicine

    Attas of Tibetan medicine
    The Khangalov Museum of History of Buryatia contains one of three sets of "Attas of Tibetan medicine" preserved to our day (two more sets, an original and a copy, are kept in China).

    Geser

    Geser
    One of the richest elements of Buryat spiritual culture was folklore: uligers (heroic legends), as well as myths, legends and fairy-tails, proverbs and sayings, riddles and folk songs. The peak of the epic creativity of the Buryats is the National heroic epos "Geser", which is an epic masterpiece of world significance.

    Sagaalgan - a «white» month of benefactions

    Sagaalgan - a «white» month of benefactions
    Sagaalgan means festival of white month in Buryat language. White is Sagaan in Buryat language and has meanings «clean, clear». People perform benefactions, think «white». White thoughts and deeds win over envy, anger, offence. People wish the nest of wishes for the coming year.

    Семейские

    Семейские
    Old Believers culture is a unique phenomenon of Russian and world religious, socio-cultural history of Russian people. The way of life and culture of the Semeisky is characterized by unique material and spiritual culture, folklore, rituals, clothes and cuisine.

    Сурхарбан

    Сурхарбан
    On the first July Sunday at the hippodrome of Ulan-Ude one of the most spectacular festivals, Surkharban «Three Games of a Man» takes place.